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Anasayfa ESERLER Fatima Muhammad Al-Fihri / Founder of the Oldest University in the World

Fatima Muhammad Al-Fihri / Founder of the Oldest University in the World

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Fatima Al-Fihriyya.jpgFatima Muhammad Al-Fihri (? – 880) (فاطمة محمد الفهري, nicknamed Oum al Banine, meaning the mother of the kids) was a Muslim woman chiefly known as the founder of the world's first academic degree-granting institution of higher education, which is still in operation today as the University of Qarawiyyin in Fes, Morocco.

Biography

Fatima Al-Fihri was the child of Muhammad Al-Fihri, a wealthy businessman from Fihrids family. She migrated along with her father from the cityKairouan located in present-day Tunisia to Fes located in current day Morocco. She also had a sister called Mariam.

The construction of the Qarawiyyin mosque

After Fatima and Mariam inherited their deceased father's fortune, they decided to support the construction of mosques or educational institutions such as the Qarwiyyin mosque as a Waqf or Sadaqah Jariya for their deceased father. In 859, Fatima founded the world's first Academic degree-granting institution of higher education, which is still in operation today as the University of Qarawiyyin in Fes, Morroco.[1] The University of Qarawiyyin was regarded as being a major intellectual centre in the Mediterranean that its excellent reputation even led Gerber of Auvergne to study at it. Auvergne later went on to become Pope Sylvester II and has been given the credit of introducing Arabic numerals & the zero to the rest of Europe.[2]

Her sister Mariam is said to have been responsible for the construction of the Al-Andalus (Andalusian) Mosque in Fes .[3]

The University Fatima al-Fihri founded

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kairaouine Mosque, Fes". Sacred Destinations. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  2. ^ "The Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque". Morocco.com.
  3. ^ "Fatima Al-Fihri – Founder of the Oldest University in the World". The Urban Muslim Woman. 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  • FSTC Limited, Wednesday 20 October 2004.
  • Muslims Weekly, Commentary, Jawed Anwar, 4 April 2005.